All Posts tagged Embryo Transfer

What are the steps of the IVF process?

What are the steps of the IVF process?

Our fertility specialists will provide you with the highest quality fertility care for your IVF cycle. Medicana IVF Center IVF treatments encompass the following steps:

Your Initial Consultation

You will meet with one of our physicians, at which time we will review your medical history and establish your unique IVF treatment plan.

Pretreatment Preparation

Pretreatment testing will include blood work to determine hormone levels, blood tests  , a semen analysis (if applicable), and a uterine assessment. In order to have the optimal outcome with your IVF treatment, we review your medical history and the results of your pretreatment testing before we finalize a protocol that is tailored for you.

IVF Coordinator Consultation

 you will meet with one of our IVF coordinators to review your protocol and plan your calendar.

Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation

An IVF cycle begins with ovarian stimulation and ultrasound monitoring. A baseline pelvic ultrasound will ensure a healthy starting point before initiating medication for the stimulation and assessment of egg production. You will take hormone injections to recruit multiple eggs from your ovaries. During this time, follicular development and hormone levels will be monitored for appropriate growth for several days. Once your follicles have reached the ideal size, you will be ready for egg retrieval.

IVF Laboratory
Ultrasound-guided, transvaginal egg retrieval is a procedure in which a long, thin needle is passed through the vaginal wall into the ovary. The physician aspirates the follicles from each ovary and the follicular fluid is collected in test tubes, where the embryologist carefully searches for the eggs. The eggs are cleaned, counted, and placed in an incubator. Later that day, the eggs are fertilized with sperm either by standard insemination or Intracytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI). Injuries during this procedure are extremely rare. Structures near the ovaries, such as the bladder, bowel, or blood vessels, could possibly be injured and require further surgery. Limited bleeding from the ovaries may occur, but the need for transfusion is extremely rare. Infections following transvaginal egg retrieval are also possible, but are rare.

Embryo Culture and Assessment

During IVF, your embryos are cultured for up to six days in a temperature-controlled incubator. Each day the embryos are evaluated for quality and development. This information is shared with the doctors to help determine the appropriate day for embryo transfer, which is typically performed on day three or day five of embryo culture or day six in the case of PGS/PGD. Our embryologists will call you each day to update you on the embryo quality and to answer any questions you may have.

Embryo Transfer or Blastocyst Transfer

Embryos are typically transferred back to the uterus on day three, when the embryo is at a multicell stage, or day five or six, when the embryo is at a blastocyst stage. This simple procedure usually requires no anesthesia. Your doctor and embryologist will discuss the number of embryos to transfer that will provide you the highest probability of success and the lowest probability of high-order multiple births. You will be given ample time to discuss your embryos and decide on the number of embryos to transfer. You also will receive pictures of your embryos being transferred. You will relax in the room for a short period of time once the embryo transfer is complete. The transfer itself may cause mild irritation to the cervix or uterus.

Pregnancy Test

We will schedule your pregnancy test 10-12 days after your transfer. When your first pregnancy test is positive, a repeat value will be obtained approximately 48 to 96 hours later. To confirm the positive pregnancy test, we will schedule an obstetrical ultrasound two weeks following the second pregnancy test. At this visit we will be confirming the implantation of embryo(s) and fetal heart motion.


Embryo Glue

Embryo Glue

Embryo Transfer (placement of an embryo into the uterus of a female) is the last and one of the most important steps in Artificial Insemination. From the Egg Collection procedure until the last stage (Embryo Transfer) – Embryo Laboratory is ensures optimal conditions and environment for development of the embryo. After Embryo Transfer it depends only on the embryo and its ability to attach to the uterus of the female. Currently, with the new EmbryoGlue-technique it is possible to help the embryo implant in the uterus.

EmbryoGlue – is a specially designed medium for usage in embryo transfer which improves implantation ability of the embryo. This medium is rich with hyaluronic acid, carbohydrates and amino acids, which when applied together work as a binding agent at the moment of embryo implantation in the uterus. Hyaluronic acid is a substance found naturally in the human body. Scientific research show that at the moment of embryo implantation the level of hyaluronic acid is very high, and this can help the embryo to become implanted better.

Raised level of hyaluronic acid in the EmbryoGlue medium (in which the embryo is placed before the transfer) improves the ability of the embryo to get attached in the uterus of the female.