Reproductive functions are the most important functions in every living organism to continue their species. Different interferences with an organism`s functions can evolve into infertility: vascular, neurogenic, endocrine, immune, psychological state, and even dietary habits.
Testicular Sperm Extraction – TESE
Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) is a surgical procedure that requires the removal of small amounts of tissue from the testicles and extracting the fluid with a thin needle. Further obtained tissue will be used in ICSI manipulation (intracytoplasmic sperm injection).
Spermogram (sperm clinical analysis)
Before conducting an analysis, the man should refrain from sexual activity for a minimum of 3 days, but no longer than 1 week. It is recommended to refrain from visiting a sauna, taking a hot bath, or consuming alcohol the day before a semen analysis.