You are not alone — it is common for couples to seek help and advice if they are having difficulty conceiving. Infertility cannot always be explained, however there are sometimes reasons why couples find it difficult to become pregnant.
Fertility treatment is an intensive process that requires sensitivity and an understanding of the physical and emotional aspects of every patient’s journey. With the help of our elite fertility specialists, we can introduce you to advanced treatment options, which can in many cases bring light on your journey to parenthood.
In women, fertility problems can be —
- Age: a crucial factor in female fertility as the biological clock limits the ability to conceive. Women start to become less fertile when they are in their 30s and female fertility declines dramatically when women reach their 40s.
- Hormone problems: an imbalance in the hormones that regulate egg production and ovulation can mean that eggs are not produced, released or do not develop properly each month.
- Problems with the fallopian tubes: these lead from the ovaries to the womb and if they are blocked, scarred or damaged in any way, it can stop the egg travelling along them preventing it from meeting the sperm. Damage can be caused by infection or scar tissue.
- Endometriosis: a condition where tissue similar to the womb lining starts growing elsewhere around the reproductive organs.
- Polysystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): where there are undeveloped follicles (or cysts) just under the surface of the ovaries that can disrupt ovulation.
- Premature Menopause or Premature Ovarian Failure (POF): where the ovaries stop functioning many years before they should. This can be caused by chemotherapy or radiotherapy for the treatment of any kind of cancer. POF may also occur in cases where genetic conditions are present such as hypoplastic atrophic ovaries or Turner syndrome.
In men, fertility problems can be —
- Azoospermia (no sperm) or Oligozoospermia (low sperm count)
- A blockage in the testes: Where sperm cannot be transported to the penis for ejaculation.
- Retrograde ejaculation: A condition in which semen is ejaculated into the bladder rather than out through the urethra because the bladder sphincter does not close during ejaculation.
- Varicoceles: A varicocele is the enlargement of the internal spermatic veins that drain blood from the testicle to the abdomen (back to the heart). A varicocele develops when the one way valves in these spermatic veins are damaged causing an abnormal back flow of blood from the abdomen into the scrotum creating a hostile environment for sperm development. Varicocoeles may cause reduced sperm count and abnormal sperm morphology which cause infertility.