ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is beneficial for all couples, however it is significant for those where fertilizatıon may be difficult, even when IVF procedures are used.
For example, couples dealing with male infertility factors such as — low sperm count, poor motility or movement of the sperm, poor sperm quality, trapped spermatozoa or if the sperm lacks the ability to penetrate the egg membrane.
At Medicana IVF, the ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) procedure is carried out as standard as part of all our IVF treatmentsto ensure fertilization.
ICSI Treatment Process
Step 1 Sperm Retrieval
The male partner is asked to provide a sperm sample by masturbation in a quiet, private room. In cases of azoospermia, the sperm is retrieved either from the epididymis from the testes (TESE).
Step 2 Sperm Preparation
Following careful sperm preparation, the best quality spermatozoon is chosen for injection into the oocyte (egg).An electronic micromanipulator connected with an inverted microscope is used for this method.
Step 3 Fertilization
The oocyte is immobilized and with the use of an ICSI micropipette the spermatozoon is injected within the cytoplasm of the oocyte through the zona pellucida (membrane surrounding the egg). Once the ICSI micropipette is removed and the spermatozoon successfully placed within the egg, the zona pellucida seals back and the egg closes resuming its original shape.
The fertilized oocytes are observed to determine normal division and growth until the day of embryo transfer.
For more information regarding any of the programs at Medicana IVF Center, please feel free to contact us.